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Food poisoning is an acute gastroenteritis caused by consuming a food material or a drink containing pathogenic microorganisms or toxins, or poisonous chemicals. Food poisoning is common in hostels, hotels, communal feedings, and festival seasons.
A group of persons will be affected with the same type of symptoms, and they give a history of consumption of a common food before few hours.
Below I’ll walk you through basic knowledge of food poisoning and how to prevent it.
Types of Food Poisoning
1) Bacterial food poisoning:
Here the microorganisms called bacteria are responsible. The food material may contain pathogenic bacteria or their toxin and will be ingested along with the food.
All bacteria are not harmful. Some pathogenic bacteria secrete toxins and cause clinical manifestations. These organisms enter the human body through food articles or drinks.
2) Non-bacterial food poisoning:
Due to the presence of toxic chemicals like fertilizers, insecticides, heavy metals and etc.
How Food Poisoning Occures
1) Presence of bacteria in the water.
2) The raw materials for the food may contain toxins.
3) Premises, where the food is prepared, may contain microorganisms or toxins.
4) Food handlers may have some infectious diseases.
5) Some animals like dogs, rats may contaminate the food.
6) If prepared food is kept at room temperature for a long time and heated again can make a chance for food poisoning.
7) Purposely some body mixing toxins in the food.
How to Prevent Food Poisoning
1) Only purified water should be used.
2) Hygiene should be maintained by all persons keeping contact with food.
3) Workers should use masks, caps, and gloves during cooking and serving.
4) Sick individuals should not come in contact with food materials.
5) Kitchen and premises should be neat and clean.
5) Vessels should be washed with soap and hot water.
6) Should not keep the prepared food for a long time at room temperature.
7) All food materials should be kept in closed containers.
8) Animals like dogs, cats, rats, etc should not come in contact with food materials.
9) Vegetables should be washed before cooking.
10) Meat should be fresh and should be purchased from the recognized slaughterhouse.